capital of Segovia provincia, in the comunidad autónoma ("Autonomous Community") of Castile-León, Spain, northwest of Madrid.
An Iberian settlement from about 700 BC, it was taken in about 80 BC by the Romans. It was occupied at the beginning of the
8th century by the Moors, from whom Alfonso VI recaptured it in 1079. Thereafter the city enjoyed prosperity and a position
of some importance in medieval Castile, serving as a royal residence during the reign of Alfonso X the Wise (c. 1284) and
as the site of the Spanish mint from 1586 until 1730. It is the city in which Isabella was proclaimed queen in 1474. An outbreak
of plague at the end of the 16th century ushered in a long period of decline, but the city's fortunes revived with the railway-building
era of the 19th century.